Category: Post-colonial

  • The Education and Training Act

    The Education and Training Act is passed. It replaces the much-reviled Bantu Education Act of 1953. African education is now under the Department of Education and Training (DET). Source

  • The 1965 Indian Education Act

    The 1965 Indian Education Act was passed to separate and control Indian education, which was placed under the Department of Indian Affairs. In 1976, the SAIC took over certain educational functions. Indian education was also made compulsory. Source

  • The Coloured Person’s Education Act

    The Coloured Person’s Education Act of 1963 put control of ‘coloured’ education under the Department of Coloured Affairs. ‘Coloured’ schools also had to be registered with the government. ‘Coloured’ education was made compulsory, but was now effectively separated from white schooling. Source

  • Education for African labor force

    Expenditure on Bantu Education increased from the late 1960s, once the apartheid Nationalist government saw the need for a trained African labour force. Through this, more African children attended school than under the old missionary system of education, albeit grossly deprived of facilities in comparison with the education of other..Read More

  • The African Education Movement

    In 1954—5 black teachers and students protested against Bantu Education. The African Education Movement was formed to provide alternative education. For a few years, cultural clubs operated as informal schools, but by 1960 they had closed down. Source

  • Eiselen Commission

    In 1949 the government appointed the Eiselen Commission with the task of considering African education provision. The Commission recommended ‘resorting to radical measures’ for the ‘effective reform of the Bantu school system’. Source

  • The National Education Crisis Committee (NECC)

    The National Education Crisis Committee (NECC) is formed at a national conference held in Durban. Late in 1984 and throughout 1985 an unprecedented wave of militant student action in black schools once again caused a crisis in black education. In 1985 concerned parents formed the Soweto Parents’ Crisis Committee (SPCC)…Read More

  • De Lange Commission

    Cape town coloured and black schools initiate boycotts of classes. They are joined by students in Durban. The De Lange Commission is instituted to conduct an in-depth investigation into education and to make recommendations for an education policy for South Africa. Source

  • National Policy for General Education Affairs Act

    The National Policy for General Education Affairs Act is passed. This brings education structures into line with the new constitution of 1983. A ‘general affairs’ Department of Education is established to oversee education budgets, teachers’ salaries and registration, and curricula. Parallel to this Department, ‘own affairs’ Departments of Education and..Read More

  • June 16 1976 Uprising

    The June 16 1976 Uprising that began in Soweto and spread countrywide profoundly changed the socio-political landscape in South Africa. Events that triggered the uprising can be traced back to policies of the Apartheid government that resulted in the introduction of the Bantu Education Act in 1953. The rise of..Read More

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