Category: Colonial South Africa

  • Proclamation No. 113 of 1882

    Marianhill Mission station and catholic school opens.  Proclamation No. 113 of 1882 promises grants for the erection of school buildings and the state will contribute on a pound-for-pound basis. Furniture, books and stationery will also be supplied on a pound-for-pound basis. However, the depression reduces the amount of government money..Read More

  • The Council of Education

    The Council of Education is established. A number of wars of dispossession fought on the eastern frontier of the Cape Colony end. More mission stations and mission schools open because of the ceasefire.  Source

  • Fixed standards of attainment

    The first district boarding schools are established to accommodate children who lived too far from the nearest public school. The first of these was Blaauwvallei near Wellington.  A scheme of fixed standards of attainment up to Std 4 is drawn up to ensure that pupils would learn more than just..Read More

  • Education Act No.13

    Education Act No. 13 is passed. The Act formalizes the system of state subsidies for private schools. State funding is divided into three school categories: public, mission and ‘native’. A mere 2 827 African students are enrolled in schools.

  • Education Act No.14

    Education Act No. 14 is passed. It provides for the creation of Educational Boards in villages and towns.  This means that more schools can be established, but the funding of these remains a problem.

  • Free Schools

    Government Free Schools (also known as English Free Schools) are established throughout the Cape Colony. A school is established at Wynberg and is the forerunner of the Wynberg Boys’ Schools. Based on Lancaster’s monitorial system, the schools are mostly aimed at the poor. Instruction is exclusively in English and at..Read More

  • The School Ordinance

    The School Ordinance is passed. This is a milestone in the history of education because it withdrew the control of public education from the church and introduced the idea that the organisation of public schooling is a responsibility of the state.\ Source

  • Scholarchs

    The Scholarchs (Committee to oversee education) is established. 3 church ministers and 1 civil servant make up the committee and control education in the Colony.  The duties of teachers are spelled out and regulations regarding school organization are laid down. These measures represent the first steps towards formalising education in..Read More

  • Missionary Education

    Significant steps were taken by the rapidly growing missionary movement to provide education for both black and white children. This story began with the arrival of the London Missionary Society in 1799 and took shape in the work of people like Dr Phillip and the subsequent establishment of important institutions..

  • 1st Education Department

    In 1839 an Education Department was established at the Cape with a superintendent, James Rose Innes, at its head. This position was bureaucratised with an administrative apparatus by the end of this century.

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